Kampala is one of the most charming cities in Africa. Located on the shores of Lake Victoria, Kampala is a favourite for many holiday makers and vacationers. The city enjoys good climate, and the people in Kampala are friendly. Kampala is the commercial and administrative capital of Uganda and is fondly known as the “Green City in the Sun”. This city is spread over twenty hills with its architecture being a blend of modern, colonial and Indian cultures. It lies to the south the world’s second largest fresh water Lake Victoria. History of Kampala.
Where Does Kampala Get Its Name?
The history of this beautiful African city is wrapped in both historical facts and folklore. On the basis of the folklore this city was dominated by swamps and hills which form natural breeding grounds for Impala and other members of the antelope family. The Kabaka or King of Buganda ruled this place and turned the hills into his hunting grounds.
When the British arrived here at the end of the 19th century, they named this place as the “Hill of the Impala” because this place was frequented by large numbers of Impala’s which belongs to the antelope family. Due to the blending of the names this place got its current name called Kampala.
In 1890, Frederick Lugard constructed a fort for the British East Africa Company. Kampala grew up around that fort. In 1962, Kampala replaced Entebbe as the national capital. Much of the city was destroyed after the 1979 overthrow of Idi Amin’s dictatorship and the subsequent civil war. The city grew as the capital of Buganda, from which several buildings survive, including the Kasubi Tombs (built in 1881), the Buganda Parliament, the Buganda Court of Justice and the Naggalabi Buddo Coronation Site. Severely damaged in the Ugandan-Tanzanian War, the city has since been rebuilt. Manufactures include furniture and machine parts. Agricultural exports include coffee, cotton, tea, and sugar.
Captain Fredrick Lugard of the Imperial British East African Company established a base in Kampala in 1890. This place served as the administrative headquarters of the company till 1894. After that when the administrative headquarters of the British Protectorate were transferred to Entebbe. Uganda got independence in 1962 and Kampala regained the status as the capital of Uganda.
With time this city has expanded tremendously and is regarded as one of the fastest growing cities in Africa. Previously it was known as the “City of Seven Hills” namely Mengo, Rubaga, Namirembe, Makerere, Kololo, Nakasero, and Kampala (Old K’la). At present this city has expanded and is spread around 21 hills.